DUKES, LEOPOLD


DUKES, LEOPOLD
DUKES, LEOPOLD (Judah Loeb; 1810–1891), historian of Jewish literature. Dukes was born in Pressburg, Hungary. He was a student of R. moses sofer and of R. Ḥayyim Joseph Pollak; the latter introduced him to secular study. An inveterate, though poor, traveler, Dukes visited most of the important libraries in Europe, researching Jewish manuscripts and uncovering many hitherto unknown medieval works. His research covered various aspects of language and literature: aggadic literature, Bible exegesis, medieval Jewish literature, Hebrew grammar and the masoretic text, and talmudic maxims and truisms. Frequently, however, his research was unsystematic and his edited texts in need of correction. Dukes' translation of Rashi's Pentateuch commentary into German was published with Sofer's imprimatur in Prague during 1833–38 (Ḥamishah Ḥumshei Torah im Ha'takah Ashkenazit al Perush Rashi (Raschi zum Pentateuch), 5 vols.). Dukes produced various studies on the poetry of Solomon ibn Gabirol and Moses Ibn Ezra. His autobiography appears in AZDJ, 56 (1892). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Zeitlin, Bibliotheca, 1 (1891), 69–71; I. Davidson, in: PAAJR, 1 (1928), 43. (Jacob S. Levinger)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Dukes, Leopold — (1810 91)    Hungarian historian. He was born in Pressburg. He visited libraries in Europe and uncovered many unknown medieval works. His research covered aggadic literature, Bible exegesis, medieval Jewish literature, Hebrew grammar and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Leopold Dukes — (um 1906) Leopold Dukes (* 17. Januar 1810 in Pressburg; † 3. August 1891 in Wien) war ein ungarischer jüdischer Literaturhistoriker. Er lebte lange in England und verfasste u.a. eine hebräische Literaturgeschichte des Mittelalters. Literatur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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